Sun Damage to the Skin
Have you ever spent a lot of time in the sun? Have you ever had sunburns? If the answer is “yes,” then your skin is at great risk of sun damage. It occurs when your sensitive skin is over exposed to the sun. In country such as Australia, sun damage is quite common and presents itself via different symptoms. Generally, it presents itself like a cosmetic blemish or it could even appear as a much more dangerous condition, like skin cancer. At times, you cannot notice it until it is too late.
Types of sun damage to the skin
The most common types of sun damage are:
1. Actinic keratosis
Actinic keratosis is a little bump that feels like a small, scaly patch or sandpaper on your sun-damaged skin and has a red, yellow, pink or brownish tint. Unlike sunburns or suntan markings, keratosis doesn’t go away unless it’s frozen, removed or chemically treated by a doctor. It appears in areas of your skin that have undergone long term or repeated exposure to the UV light, and it’s a warning sign of skin cancer (In due course, 10-15% of actinic keratosis change into squamous cell cancers of the skin).
2. Dry skin
Sun-exposed skin can slowly lose essential oils and moisture, making it to appear flaky, dry as well as prematurely wrinkled – even if you are young your skin can suffer from this problem.
This is the most common name for the skin damage that appears immediately after your skin is exposed to high UV radiation. Gentle burn causes painful reddening of your skin, but more harsh conditions can cause tiny fluid-filled bumps or huge blisters.
4. Long term changes in the skin’s collagen
ü Photoaging – premature aging of your skin due to sun exposure. Here, your skin develops fine lines as well as wrinkles because of changes in collagen of your dermis.
ü Actinic purpura – bleeding from your most delicate blood vessels under your skin surface. Here, UV light damages the structure of your collagen that supports the walls of your skin’s minute blood vessels.
Effects of sun damage to the skin
Below are some of the effects of sun damage:
ü Premature ageing of the skin – development of wrinkles and fine lines can make your skin to appear aged and obviously damaged.
ü Developments of fine lines as well as wrinkles – wrinkles as well as fine lines are particularly evidence around the mouth and the eyes of middle aged people.
ü Discoloration of the skin – the over activity of melanocytes cells due to many years of sun exposure can lead to the growth of lesions called solar lentigines, development of brown freckles and the appearance of tiny white marks on the skin,
ü Changes of skin texture – years of sun damage can result to the outer layer of your skin becoming thinner.
ü Development of sun spots – sun spots or solar keratoses develops as a result of being exposed to UV rays.
ü Development of skin cancer – in addition to causing unwanted cosmetic damages to the skin, sun damage can cause skin cancer. The three main types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma, melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
It is important to known that sun damage to the skin may not be visible until many years after the first damage occurred. Therefore, it’s important you know your own skin so that you can identify any possible case of sun damage and take it to the doctor as early as possible. If sun screen is spilt on carpeting, just blot up with damp cloth, if it leaves a stain, visit www.carpetcleaninginlondon.org/ for tips on how to remove them without calling in a cleaning contractor.